Friday, August 17, 2007

Project Success and Failure

Information technology projects are well known for the risk of unsuccessful completion. A 2004 report by the Standish Group indicated that only 29% of IT projects succeed. Of the remainder 18% fail outright and 53% fail to meet expectations by exceeding timelines or budgets, or by failing to deliver the required functionality.

The Standish Group has published the top ten criteria for successful projects:

1. User involvement
2. Executive management support
3. Clear statement of requirements
4. Proper planning
5. Realistic expectations
6. Smaller project milestones
7. Competent staff
8. Ownership
9. Clear vision and objectives
10. Hard-working, focused staff

The issue of project management in eHealth is directly linked to yesterday's discussion of program management. Rarely will a project stand on its own. eHealth is implemented into a complex environment that will require a range of interventions to succeed. These other interventions may include business and clinical process re-engineering, changes in job function, new skills development and cultural change. As a result, an eHealth program may involve a number of projects each of which should be considered in the project risk analysis.

Worthy of note is the top reason for project success (or failure if it is missing): user involvement which we know to be a continuing issue in the development of eHealth systems and infrastructure.

2 comments:

Michael Martineau said...

I have reserached the Standish Group data for several years. Interestingly, the top three reasons for project success shift in level of importance (1,2, or 3) but consistently remain in the top 3.

The Standish Group results begs the question, for me, is the extent to which the IT challenges that the health sector faces are really all that different from other industries? Are there lessons to be learned from other industries? Is there an opportunity for collaboration with other industries to address common challenges?

Michael Martineau
eHealth Practice Lead
Branahm Group Inc.

Bo said...

See
http://www.infoq.com/articles/Interview-Johnson-Standish-CHAOS

for a newer list. The one you refer to is from 1994 (I think).


Cheers,
Bo Frese